Kidney infection is one of the more common diseases seen in the nephrology department. However, left untreated, it can quickly develop into serious complications which can lead to kidney failure or blood poisoning.  Kidney infections occur when a pathogenic infection spreads up the urinary tract from the urethra or the bladder and into the kidneys. Several early signs and symptoms of kidney failures are vivid enough to be spotted.

Symptoms of Kidney infection in adults and young adults

The most common signs of kidney infections are pain and a burning sensation in the lower back, along the kidneys, a strong urge to urinate or a unsuccessful attempts at urination, cloudy and odorous urine, abdominal pain, traces of blood or pus in the rune, pain in the groin, back pain and persistent fever.

Symptoms of Kidney infection in a child

Other than the aforementioned symptoms, young children with kidney infection may also experience a loss of appetite, loose bowel motions, rise in irritability and a rise in frequency of bed-wetting (enuresis). It is possible that the child may try to hide some symptoms because of their perceived embarrassing nature. Therefore, questioning and discussion is necessary if the child’s frequency of bathroom visits increase. Children may also develop a fever and experience abdominal pain. Note, that concerned parents may give the child OTC medication, such as Tylenol or Paracetamol, however, these will only suppress the discomfort and the milder symptoms.

Symptoms of Kidney infection in pregnant women

Infections during pregnancies can quickly develop into serious complications for both, the mother and the baby, are put at risk. Kidney infection can lead to kidney failure and death, in some serious cases. A constant urge to urinate, bloody urine, pain while urinating, lower back pain, fever, chills and vomiting are early signs of kidney infection in pregnant women. Note that it is not uncommon for pregnant women to experience back pains. These are the result of ligaments stretches as the body expands to accommodate the fetus. However, such pains are throbbing and constant. Although such pain can be severe occasionally, it should be distinguished from the stabbing and intermittent pain sensations from kidney infections.

Symptoms of severe kidney infection

Kidney infections, if left untreated, can be a serious health threat. Those with signs of a severe infection should consult a health professional or go to the emergency room immediately. Along with the symptoms discussed above, when the infection’s severity increases symptoms, such as  more frequent need for urination, foul and odorous urine, and a extreme pain during urination along with persistent and lower back pain, become more common. Resilient fever that does not drop for days and persist at 102 °F or above can be a sign of an infection. Night sweats and chills can also indicated kidney infection while vomiting is a serious sign of kidney infection when coupled with other symptoms.

Kidney infection, at any stage, requires medical attention. It can be easily treated when attended to at an early enough stage. It is better to be safe than sorry and anyone experiencing the above symptoms should consult a health professional as soon as possible.