Depending on the gum disease, there are different gum surgeries performed by an oral surgeon in San Antonio. However, most of the times, gum surgery is required after excessive bacteria build up in the mouth. This leads to excess plaque. The body cannot fight the infection without medical intervention. Even those who follow oral care routine, they are also susceptible to gum diseases. There are some medications that can cause oral diseases. Surgery is the only solution when gum disease becomes severe.     

The surgeon, first of all, discusses the disease and recommends a surgical procedure for treatment. Following are different surgeries an oral surgeon in San Antonio performs to treat different gum diseases.    

Regeneration


The oral surgeon removes bacteria by folding the diseased gums back. The surgeon then inserts membranes, bone grafts, tissue-stimulating proteins or a combination of these three to encourage regeneration of gum disease. Gums tissues grow on their own.       

Pocket reduction
Gingival flap surgery is the other name used for this surgical procedure. The surgeon folds back infected gums and then remove bacteria. However, there is a difference between pocket reduction and regeneration. In this procedure, the oral surgeon secures the gums against the teeth. Gums tissues do not grow on their own.               

Crown Lengthening
This surgical procedure not only treats gum disease. It is also used for cosmetic effects. The surgeon simply removes the overgrown gum tissues.  

Soft tissue graft

Soft tissue graft

An affordable dentist in San Antonio removes the diseased gum, take tissue from some other place in the mouth and then attaches it at the place of the removed gum tissue. The same procedure can be used as a cosmetic procedure for improving the appearance of teeth.    

However, not every gum disease requires surgery. The dentist, first of all, thoroughly examine your gums. If required, the dentist will ask you to see a periodontist. A periodontist is a dentist specializes in gum diseases. Then depending on the severeness of the disease, the periodontist determines whether surgery is required or not.              

What to expect
Most of the times, Gingival flap surgery is used for treating gum diseases. So, let’s see what should you expect before, during and after the Gingival flap surgery.    

Before Gingival flap Surgery
The surgeon will ask some questions related to your medical history, chronic health condition, and medication if you are taking any. There are some health conditions and medications that can impact this surgical procedure. The surgeon will numb the area using a local anesthesia before the surgery. A dental hygienist or the surgeon will clean the teeth.
   
During Gingival flap Surgery
The surgeon accesses underlying tissues of the diseased gum by folding the gum back. The infected tissues are usually between teeth and below teeth. Root planing and tooth scaling are done to remove bacteria and plaque below the gum line.

After Gingival flap Surgery
The surgeon stitches the treated gum back in place. Most of the times, stitches are dissolvable. Still, you will have to see the surgeon again for follow-up. If required, the surgeon will place periodontal pack, a surgical dressing on the treated area.      

Mild to moderate pain is pretty common after the surgery. Contact your same day dentist in San Antonio if you experience pain you cannot bear.